Herbert, of Cherbury, Edward, 1st lord

(1583-1648)
   Philosopher and historian, was the eldest s. of Richard H., of Montgomery Castle, and was b. there or at Eyton, Shropshire. He was at Oxf., and while there, at the age of 16, he m. a kinswoman four years his senior, the dau. of Sir William H. Thereafter he returned to the Univ. and devoted himself to study, and to the practice of manly sports and accomplishments. At his coronation in 1603 James I. made him a Knight of the Bath, and in 1608 he went to the Continent, where for some years he was engaged in military and diplomatic affairs, not without his share of troubles. In 1624 he was cr. an Irish, and a few years later, an English, peer, as Baron H., of Cherbury. On the outbreak of the Civil War he sided, though somewhat half-heartedly, with the Royalists, but in 1644 he surrendered to the Parliament, received a pension, held various offices, and d. in 1648. It was in 1624 that he wrote his treatise, De Veritate, "An empirical theory of knowledge," in which truth is distinguished from (1) revelation, (2) the probable, (3) the possible, (4) the false. It is the first purely metaphysical work written by an Englishman, and gave rise to much controversy. It was reprinted in 1645, when the author added two treatises, De Causis Errorum (concerning the Causes of Errors), and De Religione Laici (concerning the Religion of a Layman). His other chief philosophical work was De Religione Gentilium (1663), of which an English translation appeared in 1705, under the title of The Ancient Religion of the Gentiles and Cause of their Errors considered. It has been called "the charter of the Deists," and was intended to prove that "all religions recognise five main articles--(1) a Supreme God, (2) who ought to be worshipped, (3) that virtue and purity are the essence of that worship, (4) that sin should be repented of, and (5) rewards and punishments in a future state." Among his historical works are Expeditio Buckinghamii Ducis (1656), a vindication of the Rochelle expedition, a Life of Henry VIII. (1649), extremely partial to the King, his Autobiography, which gives a brilliant picture of his contemporaries, and of the manners and events of his time, and a somewhat vainglorious account of himself and his doings. He was also the author of some poems of a metaphysical cast. On the whole his is one of the most shining and spirited figures of the time.
   Autobiography ed. by S. Lee (1886). Poems ed. by J. Churton Collins, etc.

Short biographical dictionary of English literature . . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Edward Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Cherbury — (March 3, 1583 ndash; August 20, 1648) was a British soldier, diplomat, historian, poet and religious philosopher.LifeHe was the eldest son of Richard Herbert of Montgomery Castle (a member of a collateral branch of the family of the Earls of… …   Wikipedia

  • Edward Herbert (politician) — Sir Edward Herbert (c. 1591 1658), was a member of the Parliament of England under Kings James I and Charles I. He was the cousin of Edward Herbert, Baron Herbert of Cherbury.Having become Attorney General he was instructed by Charles I to take… …   Wikipedia

  • Herbert, Edward, and George — (1583 1648)    • Edward, 1st Baron Herbert of Cherbury, 1583 1648    The elder brother, who was called the black Lord Herbert, on account of his good looks, dark hair and complexion, was born at Eyton on Severn, Shropshire, into one of the most… …   British and Irish poets

  • Richard Herbert, Lord of Cherbury — Richard Herbert ( 1596), Lord of Cherbury (or Chirbury), and of Montgomery Castle, was an English Justice of the Peace and Parliamentarian who was Custos Rotulorum, or Sheriff, of Montgomeryshire from some time between 1548 and 1594, and 1596.… …   Wikipedia

  • William Herbert, 1st Marquess of Powis — William Herbert, 1st Marquess of Powis, PC (1626 ndash; June 2 1696) was an English nobleman.He succeeded his father, the 2nd Baron Powis, as 3rd Baron Powis in 1667, and was created Earl of Powis in 1674 by King Charles II and Viscount… …   Wikipedia

  • Deism — For other uses, see Deism (disambiguation). Part of a series on God General c …   Wikipedia

  • English literature — Introduction       the body of written works produced in the English language by inhabitants of the British Isles (including Ireland) from the 7th century to the present day. The major literatures written in English outside the British Isles are… …   Universalium

  • deism — /dee iz euhm/, n. 1. belief in the existence of a God on the evidence of reason and nature only, with rejection of supernatural revelation (distinguished from theism). 2. belief in a God who created the world but has since remained indifferent to …   Universalium

  • biography — /buy og reuh fee, bee /, n., pl. biographies. 1. a written account of another person s life: the biography of Byron by Marchand. 2. an account in biographical form of an organization, society, theater, animal, etc. 3. such writings collectively.… …   Universalium

  • 1580s in England — Events from the 1580s in England.IncumbentsMonarch Elizabeth I of EnglandEvents* 1580 ** 6 April Dover Straits earthquake of 1580. ** June England signs a commercial treaty with the Ottoman Empire.cite book|last=Williams|first=Hywel|title=Cassell …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.